Share your opinion about this article

Identify the argument made by the author of the passage. Once you have isolated the argument from any extraneous material, analyse the argument into the premises, sub-conclusions (if any) and conclusion. I would prefer you to do this in point form, simply listing the premises, sub-conclusions (if any) and conclusion. Be sure to make a very clear statement of each point. (So, for example, do not use the word „I‟ to refer to anyone but yourself.) Second, evaluate the quality of the argument, giving reasons to justify your evaluation. Write out your evaluation in the form of a very, very short essay: a long paragraph or two should do nicely. For purposes of evaluation, assume the speaker is a woman named Angela Andrews, assume that she is a member of this section of Critical Thinking, and assume that her audience is you, the class as a whole. 

Shame by Angela Andrews

 I didn‟t have a lot of fun in grade six. My breasts started growing before any of the other girls‟ breasts, and so the boys teased me a lot. Some of the girls seemed very hostile too. At the time, I didn‟t really understand how immature they were all being. I didn‟t understand that I had every right to be proud of my body. Instead, I felt ashamed. People feel ashamed for all sorts of reasons. Some people are ashamed of being fat, or of having thick eyebrows. Other people are ashamed that they failed a test, or dropped out of school. Some people are even ashamed of everything about themselves, because some parent or teacher never let them feel good about themselves, but always criticised everything. Probably everybody is ashamed of one thing or another. These days, people like Oprah Winfrey and John Bradshaw are spreading the word that shame is bad. They say that shame is a harmful feeling that no one should have to feel. Maybe you expect me to feel the same way. After all, I suffered from shame too. But I don‟t agree at all. Instead, I think that it is ok to make people feel shame sometimes but not other times. There is a time and a place for everything: why not shame? Just think of someone who eats and eats because of pure greediness, and who gets so fat he can‟t even fit on a single bus seat anymore. If that person was ashamed of himself, he might lose some weight, which might even save his life, since there‟s the risk of heart attacks. So a friend would be doing him a favour by asking, “Aren‟t you ashamed of yourself?” Or think of a woman who makes a simple fashion mistake, like trying to wear a short dress when she has short, thick legs. If she was a bit more easily embarrassed, she would not go out of the house looking bad, which is probably what she would prefer. People should not be made to feel ashamed of things they cannot control, of course, such as maturing early or late, but in other cases shame is sometimes appropriate. At least, that‟s what I think. I hope you have found this interesting. Note: You may wish to consult your fellow students, parents, or friends about your assignment. I encourage you to do so.

Prompt Paper

Response Paper 1 Instructions

Response Paper:  The paper should be double-spaced in 12 point, Times New Roman, font. The paper should address the assigned prompt.

Tips for a Response Paper:

Part I: A Brief Summary of the Sources Provided

Identify the author and arguments of the sources provided.

Provide a brief summary, condensing the content of the sources by highlighting the main ideas.

Use 1-2 short quotations from the material to support your synthesis.

Keep the summary objective and factual.

Part II: Your Reaction to the Work

Focus on responding to the prompt.

How are the related problems relevant to the overall class?

How is the work related to problems in our present-day world?

Do viewing the sources change your ideas on the topic?

Does using a Christian worldview change the way the sources are evaluated?

Part III

Proof-read your work. Avoid common spelling and grammar mistakes, and avoid passive voice.

Make sure each major paragraph presents and develops a single main point.

Organize your material.

Cite paraphrased and quoted material.

Week 3 Prompt:

Using Reading and Study resources for Week 3, and the suggested sources below, assess how the Great Migration shaped African American churches, as millions of African Americans moved North and West out of the South, and how, in turn, these church communities influenced the culture and politics of bourgeoning urban communities.

Recommended sources include: (links are included in the Reading and Study Module 3 in Blackboard).

Carter Woodson, The History of the Negro Church, The Associated Publishers: Washington D.C., 1921.

Suggested reading includes Chapter XIV, “The Recent Growth of the Negro Church.”

African American Religious History: A Documentary Witness, Durham, N.C.: 

CSTU 220

Duke University Press, 2000.

Suggested reading includes the following excerpts from Chapter V, “From the Great Migration to World War II.” To access this, follow the link provided in blackboard, and then click on Chapter V in the table of contents.

Excerpts include: 

38- “African Methodist Episcopal Council of Bishops: Address on the Great Migration”

39- “Letters on the Second Exodus: ‘Dear Mary’ and ‘My Dear Sister'”

40- “Social Work at Olivet Baptist Church”

Blogging and Social Networking: Read at least 6 articles and write about it. Articles Attached Below

-After reading at least six of the articles, post your thoughts.  Be explicit in talking about the articles you read, write the title of the article when used. Add some visual interest to your blog by including an image that is thematically related to this week’s topic, or of a chart or graph from one of the articles you read, or of any evocative image related to social networking.

– Here are some questions you can write about (you don’t have too):

How has social networking evolved in the past 10+ years? 

  • -What is the appeal of social networking and of publicly sharing private information? 
  • -In what ways is this online content different from the social engagement of the past, and in what ways is it similar?  
  • -What are some of the demographic differences among users of various social networking platforms? 
  • -What does the growth and change in social networking mean for big business, for news organizations, for governments and politicians, and for ordinary individuals? 
  • -How do companies and news organizations use blogs now, and what attracts users to “follow” or “friend” an organization’s posts?
  • -How is micro-blogging on sites like Tumblr and Twitter different from the blogs of the past? 

Attachments (articles)







Write down references used (the articles above)

Diagnostic Essay.

 i need this 12 hours. just use simple English, no high vocabulary words.

Diagnostic Essay.

 I want you to define two terms for me and submit this writing (at least 250 words combined) on Blackboard. Step 1: Come up with your own definition of the word “sport,” clarify what people mean when you use that word. What do football, diving, rhythm gymnastics, bobsledding, boxing, and target shooting have in common? What separates a sport from a game? DO NOT USE A DICTIONARY OR OTHER SOURCE. Dictionaries offer non-controversial definitions that are intentionally very broad. The dictionary I have here says that a sport is “a physical activity done for exercise or enjoyment.” When you watch the Superbowl, are the players having fun? Do they need the exercise? My dog chases her tail until she is exhausted and has a great time doing it, is that a sport? This is your definition; don’t take shortcuts. (The trick of starting an essay by quoting a dictionary is the elementary school version of the sort of research you will do in this class. You can do better. I expect you to) You are not finding the “right” or “correct” definition of the word; you are redefining it into a shape that YOU feel confident you can use to help your reader to sort those items on the border of sport. Use this form: “All sports are defined by __A___, ____B___, and ____C___.” A, B, and C are CRITERIA that all sports share. Step 2: Before you write anything else, test your definition in your head. Does your definition fit those things that most people would categorize as sports? Hockey, tennis, boxing, diving, etc. Step 3: Now I want you to take this a step beyond just defining and write a brief categorical argument answering this question: Is cheerleading a sport?” Based on your definition, write an argument categorizing cheeleading as belonging in your definition of sport, or outside of it. Explain how it does and doesn’t fit your definition. “Cheerleading is/is not a sport because all sports are defined by A, B, and C.” Step 4: Do this a second time by defining the word “art.” Consider the Mona Lisa, Picasso’s Guernica, The Beatles’ song “Yesterday,” and other acknowledged examples to test your definition. 

 Step 5: Categorize the image I have posted on Blackboard in the WP#1 folder under the heading “Diagnostic Essay” Is the piece titled “Understanding Joshua: The Cocktail Party” art based on your definition? Your answer to these questions can be submitted as two (or more) paragraphs for a total of at least 250 words on Blackboard before class Tuesday in the assignment titled “Diagnostic Essay.” This is in the WP#1 folder. You submit by clicking on the title “Diagnostic Essay” 

 Step 6: In addition, at the end of your submission, add three complete thesis statements on different topics that you may be interested in using for the Categorical essay. Try to avoid “sport” and “art” as categories, since we have already played around with them. 

 ex. “The comic book series The Walking Dead is an example of literature, because all literature uses the traditional tools and constraints of its form to capture truths about the world the authors live in and make something that will present that world to future generations.”  Use 12pt Times New Roman, double-spacing.

 The attached image is the subject of the second part  remember the formula for the theses is as follows:  Devising a formal thesis:  Your thesis statement should follow this model: X (controversial subject) is a Y (category) because A, B, C, etc. (criteria). Both X and Y must be nouns or noun phrases. “ Comic books are literature because literature is defined by A, B, and C” Writing the essay: Define your category first by the criteria. Spend the time to prove how literature is defined by A, B, and C. Then do the same with comic books. This process is called criteria matching. The logic of your paper will then have two stages: 1) If the category = A+B+C. 2) then the Subject= A+B+C in the same way.  

Collaborative Memo

Purpose: Technical writers routinely collaborate using tools such as Google Docs as well as traditional group meetings.  This assignment will encourage you to think creatively about how you can work effectively with others to create a document that combines everyone’s ideas, but reads as a single, coherent document (a memo, in this case).  This assignment will draw on your knowledge of design principles (introduced next week).  Your group will apply these design principles, critiquing (and suggesting improvements for) one of PCC’s Web pages.

Writing Assignment:You are assigned to a team that is responsible for updating PCC’s Web site. Each team will choose one page to evaluate.  For instance, you might evaluate the schedule of classes page, the home page, or the Sylvania bookstore page. Each group will turn in one memo that identifies at least 3 problems with the design, content, or usability of the web page and offers suggestions for correcting these problems.


1) Your team will meet to choose a team leader, break the project into smaller tasks, create a schedule and exchange contact information.

2) Next, your team will describeand evaluatethe web site for:

•  Accuracy

•  Comprehensiveness

•  Clarity

•  Ease of Use

• Navigation

• Headers/Footers

• Extra features

• Site map

• Use of links

• Design for readers with visual/hearing/mobility impairments

• Design for multi-cultural audience

3) What kind of information should be added to the site to make it more effective?

• Compare PCC’s site with the sites of other colleges and universities.

• What graphics could you include?  Where are they available?

• What other sites could you link to?

4) 1-2 page memo (written to your instructor) that presents your suggestions for improving the site.

do email assignment

Choose one of the professional scenarios (LISTED BELOW) AND Write a Professional Email Message (in the form of Figure 5.1 on page 76 of BCOM7) from the perspective of a character in the scenario.  The email should discuss the communication issue provided in the scenario and should be addressed to another character from the scenario.

The message should take the form of an email; however, you will submit your assignment to the online course shell.

The professional email message must adhere to the following requirements:

1. Content:

  1. Address the communication issue from the scenario.
  2. Request a face-to-face meeting to discuss the issue (at a specific time).
  3. Concentrate on the facts of the situation and avoid using overly emotional language.
  4. Assume your recipient is learning about the situation for the first time through your communication.

2. Format:

  1. Use a descriptive subject line or heading.
  2. Include an appropriate and professional greeting / salutation.
  3. Use email form including: To:, From:, Subject:, and Signature.

3. Clarity / Mechanics:

  1. Focus on clarity, writing mechanics, and professional language/style requirements.
  2. Run spell/grammar check before submitting.

4. Your assignment must:

  1. Be typed, single-spaced, using Times New Roman font (size 12), with one-inch margins on all sides. Your professor may provide additional instructions.

ENG315                                    Professional Scenarios


1. Saban is a top performing industrial equipment salesperson for D2D. After three years of working with his best client, he receives a text message from Pat (his direct manager) assigning him to a completely different account. 

Pat has received complaints that Saban gets all of the good clients and is not a “team player.” 

Saban responds to the message and asks for a meeting with Pat to discuss this change. Pat responds with another text message that reads: “Decision final. Everyone needs to get a chance to work with the best accounts so it is fair. Come by the office and pick up your new files.” 

Moments later, Saban sends a text message to Karen, his regional manager and Pat’s boss. It simply reads, “We need to talk.” 


2. Amber, Savannah, and Stephen work for Knowledge, Inc. (a consulting company). While on a conference call with Tim Rice Photography (an established client), the group discusses potential problems with a marketing campaign. Tim Rice, lead photographer and owner of Tim Rice Photography, is insistent the marketing is working and changes are not needed. 

Amber reaches over to put Tim on “Mute” but accidently pushes a different button. She immediately says to Savannah and Stephen that the marketing campaign is not working and that “…Tim should stick to taking pretty pictures.” 

Tim responds, “You know I can hear you, right?” 


3. James shows up to work approximately five minutes late this morning, walks silently (but quickly) down the hallway and begins to punch in at the time clock located by the front desk.  

Sarah, the front desk manager, says, “Good morning, James,” but James ignores her, punches in, and heads into the shop to his workplace.  Sarah rolls her eyes, picks up the phone, and dials the on-duty manager to alert her that James just arrived and should be reaching his desk any moment. 


4. Paul works for the website division of SuperMega retail company. He receives an email late Friday afternoon that explains a new computer will launch at the end of next June and it will be in high demand with limited stock. Also contained in the three-page-message is that customers will be able to preorder the item 30 days before launch according to the production company. Paul is asked to create a landing page for consumers who are interested in learning more about the product. 

By mistake, Paul sets up a preorder page for the product that afternoon (well in advance of the company authorized period) and late Friday evening consumers begin to preorder the product. Sharon, Vice President of Product Sales at SuperMega, learns of the error Saturday morning and calls Paul to arrange a meeting first thing Monday morning. Sharon explains to Paul on the phone that the company intends on canceling all of the preorders and Paul responds that the company should honor the preorders because it was not a consumer error. After a heated exchange, Paul hangs up on Sharon when she insists that the preorders will be canceled because of Paul’s error. 

51b : Following these guidelines will enable you to use email efficiently and effectively when communicating with both valued coworkers and outside parties:

Send to single or multiple addressees. The same message can be sent to one or many recipients simultaneously. Sending an email message to multiple recipients routinely involves keying the email address of each recipient into a distribution list and selecting the distribution list as the recipient.

Provide a useful subject line. A descriptive subject line assists the receiver’s understanding of the message and is helpful for future reference to it. Additionally, a well-written subject line in an email message will help the receiver sort through an overloaded mailbox and read messages in priority order. When writing a subject line, think of the five Ws—Who, What, When, Where, and Why—to give you some clues for wording. For instance, “Budget Committee Meeting on Thursday” is a more meaningful subject line than “Meeting.”

Restate the subject in the body of the message. The body of the message should be a complete thought and should not rely on the subject line for elaboration. A good opening sentence might be a repetition of most of the subject line. Even if the reader skipped the subject line, the message would still be clear, logical, and complete.

Focus on a single topic directed toward the receiver’s needs. An email message is generally limited to one idea rather than addressing several issues. If you address more than one topic in a single email message, chances are the recipient will forget to respond to all points discussed. Discussing one topic allows you to write a descriptive subject line, and the receiver can file the single subject message in a separate mailbox if desired. If you must send a lengthy email, preview the topics to be covered in the introduction and then divide the message into logical sections for easy comprehension.

Sequence your ideas based on anticipated reader reaction. As you learned previously, ideas should be organized deductively when a message contains good news or neutral information. Inductive organization is recommended when the message contains bad news or is intended to persuade. Email messages should be organized according to the sequence of ideas—for example, time order, order of importance, or geography. As a general rule, present the information in the order it is likely to be needed. For example, describe the nature and purpose of an upcoming meeting before giving the specifics (date, place, time).

Make careful use of jargon, technical words, and shortened terms. The use of jargon and technical terms is more common in email messages than in business letters. Such shortcuts save time with audiences who will understand the intent. In practicing empathy, however, consider whether the receiver will likely understand the terms 

Audience and Purpose Essay


Read the description of the essay requirements on p. 13-14 which asks you to choose an issue and write TWO different essays to TWO different audiences about the same topic. 

Take a look at this helpful page to get you started: “Writing a First Draft Appropriate to Purpose and Audience”, in particular, noting whether your purpose is to inform, explain, or persuade, along with helpful tips 

Just like you wrote to different audiences in the Audience and Purpose Exercise in the assignment, do the same thing in these two short papers.  There must be TWO essays (on one document) clearly aimed at TWO different audiences as evidenced by a distinction in content, language, tone, and style. Don’t just say “To X” and “To Y” – make it clear by the writing. 

* NOTE: Although sources are not required, if you choose to include facts, information, or references to people or events, then correct MLA citations are REQUIRED. Failure to include correct and appropriate MLA in-text citations and a Works Cited List will result in a failing essay grade and could result in a charge of plagiarism. 

Here is a link to a helpful Documentation pageon which you will find resources to help you cite correctly. 

* Note The essay submission policy is strictly enforced: NO late essays accepted, and ALL essays must be submitted to continue in the course or receive course credit. NO exceptions. If the essay is not submitted by the deadline, you will become ineligible to continue in the course. This is NOT open to negotiation

Read this poem and write all the lessons you can learn from

Read this poem and write all the lessons you can learn from it. Just write all that comes to your mind.

If you can keep your head when all about you  Are losing theirs and blaming it on you,    If you can trust yourself when all men doubt you,     But make allowance for their doubting too;    If you can wait and not be tired by waiting,     Or being lied about, don’t deal in lies, Or being hated, don’t give way to hating,     And yet don’t look too good, nor talk too wise: If you can dream—and not make dreams your master;        If you can think—and not make thoughts your aim;    If you can meet with Triumph and Disaster     And treat those two impostors just the same;    If you can bear to hear the truth you’ve spoken     Twisted by knaves to make a trap for fools, Or watch the things you gave your life to, broken,     And stoop and build ’em up with worn-out tools: If you can make one heap of all your winnings     And risk it on one turn of pitch-and-toss, And lose, and start again at your beginnings     And never breathe a word about your loss; If you can force your heart and nerve and sinew     To serve your turn long after they are gone,    And so hold on when there is nothing in you     Except the Will which says to them: ‘Hold on!’ If you can talk with crowds and keep your virtue,        Or walk with Kings—nor lose the common touch, If neither foes nor loving friends can hurt you,     If all men count with you, but none too much; If you can fill the unforgiving minute     With sixty seconds’ worth of distance run,    Yours is the Earth and everything that’s in it,        And—which is more—you’ll be a Man, my son!


  1. Refusing an Adjustment:  Letter from Duncan’s Exotic Pets refusing a damage claim

    As a well-known exotic animal dealer in the Cincinnati area, your boss, Roger Duncan, has dealt with his share of customers experiencing buyer’s regret.  Despite his warning, many of them still buy their exotic pets for the wrong reasons.  When Melissa Carpenter bought Binky, the red-tailed guenon monkey, she begged Mr. Duncan to reduce his price to $10,000 because she had “fallen in love with Binky’s soulful eyes and adorable button nose.”  Now she wants to return poor Binky, and you have never seen your boss so angry.

    “Listen to this!” fumes Mr. Duncan as he reads Carpenter’s letter

    While I was at work, I locked Binky in his own room—which I equipped with his own color TV (with cable) and which I spent days wallpapering with animal pictures.  Then last night Binky somehow unlocked the door, ripped out my telephone, opened the refrigerator, smashed eggs all over my kitchen and my new Persian carpet, broke 14 of the china dishes my mother gave me when I got married, and squeezed toothpaste all over my Louis XIV settee I inherited from my grandmother!

    “Not only does she demand that I take poor Binky back after she’s abused him through her ignorance and neglect,” snapped Mr. Duncan, “but she wants me to pay $150,000 in damages for her car, her apartment, and her state of mind.”  Your boss is so upset that you decide to write Ms. Carpenter yourself.

    Your Task—

    Write an adjustment refusal to Ms. Carpenter and include a copy of her contract.  It clearly states Roger Duncan’s policy:  refunds only if animals are returned in good health, and absolutely no warranty against damages.  Each pet comes with specific care instructions, including warnings about certain idiosyncrasies that could cause problems in the wrong environment.

    Despite the fact that Binky is probably traumatized by his experiences, Mr. Duncan has generously agreed to accept his return, refunding Ms. Carpenter’s $10,000.  However, he will not accept liability for any loss of property or for any claims of mental duress on the part of Ms. Carpenter.  Write the letter in an appropriate style.

    Return Address—

    Duncan’s Exotic Pets
     4587 West Lafayette Place
    Cincinnati, OH 45201                  

    Inside Address—

    Melissa Carpenter
    876 Newton Avenue
    Cincinnati, OH 45402                  

    Closing Lines—

    Your name, Supervisor
    Due Date: Oct 31 (11:59 PM)

  2. By submitting this paper, you agree: (1) that you are submitting your paper to be used and stored as part of the SafeAssign™ services in accordance with the Blackboard Privacy Policy; (2) that your institution may use your paper in accordance with your institution’s policies; and (3) that your use of SafeAssign will be without recourse against Blackboard Inc. and its affiliates.

Mini report

Due: Nov 13, 2017 at 12:59 AM

Develop a thesis statement that will be supported by current research about the topic. Write a three page paper using three trustworthy, primary research reports. You may include additional sources, however, do not generalize from data in news reports, isolated incidents, case studies and so on.

Mini-Research Report – 75 pts

Format: 3 pages, double spaced

Intro-Attention getting intro, relevance and objective of the paper expressed, preview statement that lists the main points you will address, why you care about this topic

Main points-Describe the research: variables, research questions, phenomena researchers studied, how the research was collected, research conclusions, how this ties in to the main point addressed in your paper, importance with regard to health communication

A series of paragraphs each devoted to one main point that supports your thesis. Avoid organizing the analysis by study. Instead identify three main points suggested by the studies and focus one paragraph on each main point, using evidence from the studies as support. Each paragraph should begin with a topic sentence that summarizes the main point to be developed.

Conclusion-A summary of your main points, your analysis of the most important lessons,How we might use this information relevant to health communication

APA reference list- Three sources that meet the expert sources criteria


Expert Sources Criteria:

Did the author (s) of this study personally collect and analyze the data?

Was the study published within the last 5 years?

Does the published study report the following clearly labeled sections: Literature review, methods, results, discussion?

Does the source include a reference list of cited sources?

Is the citation in your research draft complete and in APA format?