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Assignment 1: Consider the Victim

In this assignment, you will identify the victims and the defendants, the rights of victims permitted under state law, the procedures to prosecute an accused, and the possible penalties based on the given scenario.

Centervale police officers, Anne and Justin, respond to a report of domestic dispute. There had been a total of nine calls for service, including two in the past year. On the way, Anne informs Justin that this may be a very volatile situation because this couple is constantly in and out of Domestic Violence Court; even though they separate all the time, they always get back together.

Here’s What Happened . . .

The officers arrive and knock on the door, “Hello! Police, can someone please come to the door?” A man yells “Come in!” from inside the house. They decide not to enter the residence under these circumstances to protect their own safety. Anne asks the man to come outside and speak to them.

The door opens. A man, who identifies himself as Mike and a friend of the family, opens the door. He says that Lilly and her husband, Johnny, were just fighting and that there is no problem now. Mike did not appear to be intoxicated but smelled of alcohol. Anne explained that someone has reported a domestic dispute to the police department from this residence and that they were there to check upon the situation. Anne asks Mike if anyone was using any weapons. Mike denied this and said that Lilly was inside the house, ironing clothes. If Anne wanted, she could go and talk to Lilly.

Justin stays with Mike while Anne enters the house and calls for Lilly. Lilly says, “Officer, he hit me on the head with his hand and I hit him with the iron.” As this was a mutual assault, Anne stops questioning Lilly and asks Mike what Lilly hit Johnny with. Mike responds, “With the iron.”

Anne asks Lilly where Johnny is and she says he was in the dining room. Anne asks Lilly if Johnny has any weapons. Lilly says she did not think he did or at least he did not when he hit her in the head. Anne stays with Mike and Lilly while Justin cautiously enters the house to discover Johnny in fetal position under the dining table.

When Justin first approaches him, Johnny is unresponsive but slowly becomes responsive. Justin notices a large contusion on the left side of Johnny’s face when he rolls over to look at Justin. Justin calls for an ambulance, as Johnny was not in a position to answer any questions due to the injury on his head and the possible effects of the shock.

Anne continues to question Mike, “Who struck whom first?” Mike responds, “Johnny hit Lilly like he always does when he drinks Jack Daniels and beer, and then Lilly really got mad at Johnny, hit him with the iron, and went back to ironing. I don’t know where Johnny went after that because I was on the couch watching TV and drinking beer.” Anne then asks Mike, “How many times did Lilly hit Johnny with the iron?” Mike responds, “Only once that I saw.”

Anne further asks, “How many times did Johnny strike Lilly?” Mike states, “Twice that I saw.”

Anne asks how much had they been drinking. Mike responds, “Johnny had been drinking about 4 or 5 bottles of beers and Jack Daniels, Lilly did not drink at all, and I only had half a bottle of beer.”

Johnny was taken to the hospital to have the contusion checked. When Johnny was stable, he was questioned and advised of his rights. He describes that he was angry because Lilly did not come home at 4:00 p.m., and he was hungry. He admitted that he had been drinking and struck his wife. The next thing he knew was that he was at the hospital.

Submission Details:

By Saturday, January 10, 2015, in a minimum of 250 words, post your response to the following questions in the Discussion Area:

  • In this situation, who is the victim and who is the defendant? What are the reasons for your choice?
  • What rights are victims permitted under the law of your state? Use examples to support your response.
  • How should the prosecution proceed in this case?
  • What are the possible penalties that can be imposed in this case?

Policy Analysis DB 2

Social scientists know that research is a continuing process. OFC Lightly chose a place to start to consider his topic, but also knows he has many more pieces to contemplate if he wants to deliver the best possible community policing plan to help reduce the incidence of property crime.

OFC Lightly, in formulating his research plan, realizes something important. He has only considered examining citizen activities and attitudes in areas were the incidence of property crime is high. He believes the citizens, the geographic areas and the sensibilities of the community should be reconsidered; he realizes he must look at other factors.

Primary Task Response: Within the Discussion Board area, write 400 words that respond to the following questions with your thoughts, ideas, and comments. This will be the foundation for future discussions by your classmates. Be substantive and clear, and use examples to reinforce your ideas:

  • What are some other potential factors OFC Lightly should evaluate in his research? Identify and describe.
    • Why should they be examined? Explain.
  • What can OFC Lightly learn by looking at these elements? Explain.
  • OFC Lightly decided to enlarge his scope to expand his plan to the whole community, whether or not its members have been victims of property crime.
    • What do you think will be the significance of this information when gathered? Why?
  • What other potential measures and solutions do you think can be considered in his planning besides encouraging citizens’ active participation? Explain.
    • Do these need to be evaluated in this research? Explain your answer.
  • Reexamine the variables that OFC Lightly operationalized.
    • What problems might OFC Lightly have with his means of measuring his variables? Explain.
    • How might he overcome these challenges? Explain.
  • Where would you begin if given the assignment to produce a community policing plan?

ethical issues


You are the second in command at a city law enforcement agency. Your agency is currently in the promotion cycle with several candidates interested in a Lieutenant’s position that has become available. The agency only has positions at this level come open about once every year. There are two candidates for the position that standout above the rest from the perspective of their service and performance records.

Both you and the head of the agency must approve all final promotion decisions. A couple of days before the final decision must be made regarding the promotion you receive a call from the Mayor’s assistance. The assistant tells you that the Mayor would consider it a huge favor if you selected a specific candidate for the Lieutenant’s position, however this individual is not one of the top two candidates being considered. Here is the scenario

I need you to respond to this discussion question 150 words


This week’s scenario leaves you with only two real options. Choosing to appease the Mayor by promoting who he had requested or by promoting the most qualified applicant. By selecting and promoting the most qualified applicant you would be making a choice that will benefit the agency as a whole as far as leadership. However, choosing the qualified applicant could result in a budget cut for going against the Mayor and his wishes. Strong leadership is an important part of any good department, by having leadership that is well versed it allows for those around them to learn and grow from working with them. If the selection is made to appease the Mayor and go with his suggestion the leadership of the agency could potentially suffer causing issues within the agency itself. However, going with the individual that the Mayor selected could help the Mayor vote in the favor of the agency when the budget meeting occurred. By going with the Mayors choice you could also potentially create issues for yourself. You could create doubt in the mind of your agency head that relied on you to make a recommendation as to who should be promoted. This could possibly cost you a promotion in the future or even your job.

In this student’s opinion it is in the best interest of the department to select that applicant that will help the agency in the future. While yes, the Mayor voting to up the budget of the agency could help them get vital supplies they need, having leadership that can help grow and shape the department for years to come seems more important in my opinion. Having a leader who is not experience or fit for the position could result in harm to your fellow officers. The new leader if not fit could make decisions that could affect not only the well being and safety of the individual officers, but also the well being and safety of the agency as a whole. As previously stated, picking the applicant that is most qualified for the position is the most ethical decision to make in my eyes.

Law Enforcement Stedman


1. Compare and contrast Strategic and Tactical Analysis and its application to street crimes such as robbery and property crimes such as burglary.  In your opinion is one more suited in addressing criminal behavior?

Strategic analysis involves the analysis over the long-term, whereas tactical analysis involves analysis in a more direct manner. Each has analysis scheme has their uses in addressing criminal behavior. To use an example with drug activity strategic analysis would be better suited to understanding who could be the future customers of drug dealers, where are possible locations that could facilitate such deals, and helping law-enforcement and community leaders come up with measures to combat drug sales. However, the tactical analysis would focus more on finding out where the current supply of drugs is coming in from, who the leader(s) is(are), and cracking down on local dealers. While there is overlap between the two, I believe that tactical analysis is the best when addressing criminal behavior, because of the more immediate results that it provides.

2.  What is CPTED?  Please elaborate on how CPTED may be an effective means to reduce a criminals Modus operandi?  Provide an example.  

CPTED is an acronym that stands for crime prevention through environmental design which is “The proper design and effective use of the built environment can lead to a reduction in the fear and incidence of crime, and an improvement in the quality of life” (Cozens, Saville, & Hillier, 2005). This means that CPTED is all of the passive defenses that the environment provides law-abiding citizens against criminally minded individuals. These defenses can be broken down into six different aspects that work together to create CPTED they are: territoriality, surveillance, access control, target hardening, image/maintenance, and active support (Cozens, Saville, & Hillier, 2005). All of these aspects work together to decrease crime in the area.

respond to this discussion question in 250 words

Chapter 6 Pg. 158




            2. How did Nasser’s personal story and work background affect his approach and philosophy on managing diversity?



3. Why was Ford’s evaluation system, the PMP, the source of contention for Ford employees who felt discriminated against? In moving away from the PMP, what did Ford do to improve this evaluation system? Did these changes create a more accurate system of evaluation?



4. The number of older workers in the workforce is increasing – many people now work into their late 60s and 70s. How can business adapt to and benefit from this trend?




Chapter 4 Pg. 98


Chapter 4 Pg. 94


Chapter 5 Pg. 109


Chapter 5 Pg. 115




Chapter 6 Pg. 158



Chapter 7 Pg. 172


Chapter 7 Pg. 180



Policy Analysis DB 3

Qualitative and Quantitative Research Analysis

Below is an example of a mixed methods approach to considering one element of the post-Katrina response.

Problem statement: This researcher is interested in studying posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in soldiers who deployed to the area from the 82nd Airborne Division, as compared to experiences they had in combat operations prior to Hurricane Katrina. The researcher wants to examine whether they experienced greater trauma helping Americans in trouble than they do on distant battlefields.

The researcher intends to use survey instruments with carefully crafted questions, the answers of which she can numerically collate and process. After all of the data is processed, she intends to follow up with selected soldiers based on their answers by speaking to them personally and conducting conversational interviews.

Primary Task Response: Within the Discussion Board area, write 400–600 words that respond to the following questions with your thoughts, ideas, and comments. This will be the foundation for future discussions by your classmates. Be substantive and clear, and use examples to reinforce your ideas:

  • Critically evaluate the problem statement. Is this a problem that can be undertaken or answered with the instruments she has listed she intends to use? Why or why not?
  • What other techniques or instruments do you recommend she add to her intended tools? Why?
  • Do you feel there is information missing? 
    • If so, what information do you think is necessary? Why?
    • If not, how is the information sufficient? Explain.
  • What do you think are the assumptions this researcher seems to be employing? Explain.
    • Do you believe the assumptions are strong or weak? Explain your answer.
  • What do you think are some of the challenges or limitations this researcher might encounter during her study? Explain.
    • What might be some ways she can overcome these? 

Law Enforcement Sean


What is the benefit of accurate report writing in law enforcement intelligence operations insofar as having an influence in operational decisions.

Having accurate information that you can rely on to make operational decisions can drastically increase productivity and effectiveness.  Accurate report writing can help create criminal statistically data, which could help create a potential target list.  With those potential targets they can narrow it down to a certain group of individuals that fit the description. The accuracy portion can literally be what makes or breaks the case. In the case of police officers, detectives, and crime scene investigators, a poorly worded or badly organized report can mean the difference between a criminal being brought to justice or going free (Roufa, 2019, paragraph 6). If you get bad information or don’t write an accurate report and it gets passed along and used on the operational side. Peoples lives could be at risk. Especially with individuals that are undercover and working with dangerous folks. 

2.  What intelligence value is gained by a police department that provides street officers with training in collecting and documenting information they receive on the streets while working their assigned sectors or beats?

When you have street officers that are trained in collecting and documenting information they receive, it allows analysts to review the information that is brought and turn it into intelligence. These officers that work assigned sectors are the subject matter experts on what goes on in them. They know exactly when something is out of the ordinary and the information they are brining in is going to be pretty accurate data. Once the analyst puts together their reports they can push these out to other law enforcement agencies to help with tactical operations. 

respond to this discussion question in 250 words

Criminal Justice DB cite at least 1 journal article 200 word min. Deadline is 25 Sept @0700 EST


Watch Video

Ted Bundy – Born To Kill? (Documentary)
Duration: (44:35)
User: n99999999999 – Added: 7/20/11


Please respond positvly to this post read and answer as if you are talking with this person. 200 words min with a jounral cite


Ted Bundy was a very derranged individual.  He committed to killing over 36 women to which he confessed after 11 years on death row.  According to a detective, he asked Bundy why he did what he did and Bundy replied, “I like it, I enjoy it.” 

The self control theory can relate to the acts that were committed by Bundy.  “Self control is a person’s ablity to alter his or her own mental and emotional states and behavioral responses” (Schmalleger, 137).  Ted Bundy was successful when it came to altering his emotional and mental states when it came to representing himself in court.  Bundy knew how to work the system and escape in order to continue to committ the crimes he wanted and loved to do. 

Behavior theory is a “psychological perspective, this theory posits that individual behavior that is rewarded will increase frequency while that which is punished will decrease.  The reward for Bundy was by gaining media attention and feeling like he controlled the world” (Schmalleger, 127).

The psychological theory is a “theory dervied from the behavioral sciences that fouses on the individual as a unit of analysis.  Psychological theories place the locus of crime causation within the personality of the individual offender” (Schmalleger, ,G-10).  Bundy fell under this theory by his grandparents pretending to be his parents and his mother pretending to be his sister.  When Bundy found out the truth he was devastated and knew he had been lied to all these years.

Schmallege, Frank.  (2012).  Criminology Today:  An Integrative Introduction.  (6th Ed.) Upper Saddle River, NJ:  Prentice Hall

business law

In 2012, ABC news ran a story regarding BPI, a South Dakota meat processing company, describing the company’s ground-beef  product as pink slime. The company sued ABC News for defamation claiming that the term nearly put the company out of business, forcing them to close down several plants (3 out of 4 plants) due to a decrease in revenue (a drop of 80%) as a result of the report.

The company sued ABC for $5.7 billion dollars, claiming that ABC, and its reporters Diane Sawyer and Jim Avila, defamed the company by using the term “pink slime” and making errors and omissions in its 2012 reporting. The company argued that it took 30 years to succeed in the industry and it took ABC less than 30 days to damage the company irreparably.

But ABC lawyer argued there was no defamation because “pink slime” was a common term, used more than 3,800 times in the media prior to ABC’s reports. They also claimed that the company already lost customers prior to the report due to the unhappiness with the product. ABC claimed their coverage was accurate and deserved first amendment protection. Diana Sawyer, when deposed for the case, stated: “I read the script and it seemed to be factual and fair and seemed to be credible reporting.”

Please answer the following questions in your original post:

(1) Is the report considered defamatory? Product disparagement? Why or why not?
(2) Please provide a definition of defamation and apply the case to all elements of defamation to form the basis for your answer.

(3) Why do we have defamation laws in this country?
(4) Is it federal or state law?

You must post an original comment of 150-250 words with citation to sources used, such as eText page references and/or credible websites) 

Law Enforcement Christopher


What is the benefit of accurate report writing in law enforcement intelligence operations insofar as having an influence in operational decisions? A written report is often the first impression an officer makes on commanding officers, lawyers, or judges – and a poorly written report can cause an inaccurate portrayal of competence level. Additionally, it can also mean the difference between a rightful conviction and an erroneous release of a guilty person. On the other hand, an accurate and intelligent report can make a positive first impression and can lead to new opportunities for the future. It may sound dramatic, but the consequences for not being able to write well can be significant when you are writing documents to be used in a legal setting. Attorneys in criminal cases are looking for anything that they can use to support their cases, and if your reports fail to accurately articulate the facts, they will use that as evidence to exonerate their clients. Not to mention, if your reports are consistently poorly written, riddled with errors, or a grammatical mess, you are not representing your agency in the best possible light.

2.  What intelligence value is gained by a police department that provides street officers with training in collecting and documenting information they receive on the streets while working their assigned sectors or beats?

Officers should be assigned to neighborhoods on a long-term basis. Stability is essential to developing positive relationships and building trust. It provides officers an opportunity to learn more about and participate in the life of the community. When officers “interact with the same people on a face-to-face basis each day, allows average citizens formal and informal input. People have the chance to help set local police priorities and to develop creative solutions to community problems

respond to this discussion in 250 words