What is considered plagiarism in term papers and dissertations?

plagiarism

What is considered plagiarism in term papers and dissertations?

What is plagiarism?

The very concept of plagiarism is directly related to copyright and is reflected in the use, assignment, publication of intellectual property without the consent and reference to the original source.

Origin of the concept of plagiarism

In the student learning environment, the problem of plagiarization in educational work first appeared with the availability of information and the development of Internet technologies in the late nineties. Then the most ‘clever’ students managed to download term papers, coursework, dissertations theses, and essays for their own and successfully scored good grades.

Due to the fact that computer literacy did not come to the teaching staff immediately and the technology of that time did not allow tracking copied essays, abstracts, and even dissertations, it was only when the teacher found identical works among different students that the secret became clear.

What is treated as plagiarized work?

When the problem of plagiarism and compilation in the student environment reached its peak, some higher education institutions tried to raise the requirements for the uniqueness of student work, since technically this could be tracked with the help of anti-plagiarism programs.  The plagiarism detectors will show the percentage of copied work and indicate the sources from which the information was copied.

Although it can be noted that the uniqueness of the work and the presence of plagiarism in it is not quite the same, some questions on plagiarism still arise. For example, rewriting or paraphrasing a text easily removes the question of uniqueness but does not rule out plagiarization.  Therefore, there must be the presence of in-text citations and references necessary for the integrity of the work.

Although uniqueness can be very low, at the same time the nature and amount of use of citations, even with references, in some cases may call into question the authorship and may be considered plagiarism, for example, the section consists of a whole piece of the book or conclusions from work taken from another work,
It can also be noted that the idea is also not plagiarism unless of course, it is to use ready-made technical solutions, and again it all depends on the content and purpose of educational or scientific work. If the goal is to develop a specific technique and it already exists, it will be plagiarized, and if we use a well-known technique for research, it will not be a violation of copyright and the skillful use of the methodology in the work.

Given that the issue of plagiarizing is quite ambiguous, its presence can be determined using not only technical means of tracking uniqueness but also direct analysis of all work and its parts through proofreading, analysis of citations, and results of the anti-plagiarism program.

In view of the above, we can safely object to the new introduction of some higher education institutions to allow work on the preliminary results of the anti-plagiarism program, which essentially determines the uniqueness of the work, which is not an indicator of plagiarism!

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