Choose one (1) of the three reading selections from the list of topic choices below. Read the selection in the
textbook. Write a three to four (3-4) paragraph essay (250 words) which analyzes the “surprise ending” of the reading

Topic Choices:
• Reading selection from Descartes’ Discourse on the Method (Part IV). Descartes begins with the problem of
being able to prove his own existence but ends up with an argument proving the existence of God. Read more about the
Discourse on the Method located at
• Reading selection from Swift’s A Modest Proposal. Swift begins with offering the solution that the English
could do things which might solve the problem of over-population and the mistreatment of citizens in Ireland and ends
by offering the solution that an internal change in the Irish government would best solve the problem of
over-population and a populace victimized by its own government. Read more about A Modest Proposal located at

• Two reading selections from Voltaire’s Candide. The story begins by acknowledging the foolishness of the
superstitious traditions held by the people in the city of Lisbon but ends by confirming Voltaire’s belief that
religion in general is equally based in false superstitions.

For the reading selection you choose:
1. Clearly state in your own words the “surprise ending” in the reading you selected. Identify the point in the
reading when you realized that the ending would be different from what the beginning of the reading suggested that it
would be.
2. Since you were expecting a different ending, evaluate how successful the author was in convincing you to
accept the validity of the “surprise ending” that was not clearly suggested at the beginning.

Your assignment must:
• Be typed, double spaced, using Times New Roman font (size 12), with one-inch margins on all sides; citations
and references must follow APA Style format. Check with your professor for any additional instructions.
• Include a cover page containing the tile of the assignment, the student’s name, the professor’s name, the
course title, and the date. The cover page and the reference page are not included in the required assignment page

The specific course learning outcomes associated with this assignment are:
• Explain how key social, cultural, and artistic contributions contribute to historical changes.
• Explain the importance of situating a society’s cultural and artistic expressions within a historical
• Examine the influences of intellectual, religious, political, and socio-economic forces on social, cultural,
and artistic expressions.
• Identify major historical developments in world cultures from the Renaissance to the contemporary period.
• Use technology and information resources to research issues in the study of world cultures.
• Write clearly and concisely about world cultures using proper writing mechanics.

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