In which demographic is depression twice as prevalent in girls as compared to boys?
B. School aged
D. All children
Andrew is a 14-year-old male who is being managed for bipolar I disorder. He was started on lithium 6 weeks ago. And has achieved a serum level of 1.1 mEq/L according to his most recent blood work. Andrew says he does not feel any different, but both his parents. And teachers report improvement in his mood. He has been more stable, is getting along better with friends and siblings. And is even more interested in his schoolwork. The PMHNP plans to maintain Andrew on this medication. And knows that he will need which of the following ongoing laboratory assessments?
A. Complete blood count, thyroid function tests. And serum calcium
B. Liver function tests, complete blood count, ad 12-lead electrocardiogram
C. White blood cell differential, fasting glucose, and fasting lipid profile
D. Comprehensive metabolic panel, complete blood count, and thyroid function tests
Confidentiality is a complex topic in the world of child. And adolescent psychiatry. The last 40 to 50 years have been characterized by increased attention to this issue and the publication of various ethical codes and practice position statements by professional organizations. Which of the following is not a true statement with respect to confidentiality of the child or adolescent client?
A. The PMHNP should not be concerned with consent for disclosure when child abuse or maltreatment has occurred.
B. In 1979, the American Psychiatric Association (APA) stated that children 12 years of age or older can give consent for disclosure.
C. The American Academy of Child. And Adolescent Psychiatry (AACAP) Code of Ethics states that consent is not required for disclosure.
D. Regardless of code or position statement by any organization, the best approach is when the child and PMHNP agree on disclosure.
Debi is a 15-year-old girl who is currently being treated for depression. Her parents have been very proactive and involved in her care. And Debi has achieved remission 2 months after beginning treatment with a combination of pharmacotherapy and cognitive behavioral therapy. While counseling Debi’s parents about important issues in management, the PMHNP advises that:
A. There is a > 50% likelihood that Debi’s younger sibling will develop depressive symptoms
B. The mean length of major depressive episode in adolescents is 4 months
C. 20 to 40% of adolescents who have major depressive disorder will develop bipolar I within 5 years
D. Adolescent-onset depression typically needs long-term pharmacologic management to prevent relapse
The therapeutic outcomes for children with disorders of written expression are most favorable when they are characterized by:
A. Concomitant pharmacotherapy with a psychostimulant to promote attention and focus
B. Multimodal therapy to include group interaction with peer-to-peer feedback on writing samples.
C. A variety of tutors who will offer a variety of writing techniques, composition strategies, and critiques
D. Intensive, continuous administration of individually tailored, one-on-one expressive and creative writing therapy
When considering a diagnosis of developmental coordination disorder, the PMHNP knows that the diagnosis may be associated with:
A. Above-average scores on performance subtests of standardized intelligence testing
B. Below-average scores on verbal subtests of standardized intelligence testing
C. Soft neurologic signs on physical examination such as slight reflex abnormalities
D. Physical findings consistent with neuromuscular disease such as muscular dystrophy
child protective services
Caylee is a 5-year-old girl who is referred for evaluation by child protective services. She was recently removed from her biological family and placed in foster care, as her home environment was reportedly unsafe due to conditions of extreme neglect. Her foster mother reports that Caylee is very quiet and withdrawn and always appears sad and disinterested in her surroundings; however, she becomes very irritable when anything unexpected or unplanned occurs. The foster mother became very concerned when it appeared that Caylee was hallucinating. The PMHNP considers that:
A. Caylee is at high risk for suicide and precautions should be taken
B. The hallucinations are consistent with brief psychotic disorder or schizophrenia
C. The history and reported symptoms are typical of depressive disorder in young children
D. This is a common situation when prepubertal children are removed from the biological parents regardless of how dysfunctional they are