According to the psychological perspective and research, how can early childhood stressful experiences (e.g., neglect, abuse, or lack of a secure attachment) influence the developmental of behavioral problems?

According to the psychological perspective and research, how can early childhood stressful experiences (e.g., neglect, abuse, or lack of a secure attachment) influence the developmental of behavioral problems?

According to the psychological perspective and research, how can early childhood stressful experiences (e.g., neglect, abuse, or lack of a secure attachment) influence the developmental of behavioral problems?

Next, referring directly to the textbook, briefly explain all three elements of the integrated model.

Last, select one form of an anxiety disorder and explain how one of the elements of the integrated model can be used to explain the origins of that disorder. Anxiety disorders to choose from include generalized anxiety disorder, panic disorder, social anxiety phobia, specific phobia, separation anxiety disorder, selective mutism, and agoraphobia.

Student 1

Michelle Roof

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7/2/2016 10:58:33 AM

Unit 5 disc, specific phobias

Professor and Class, So far in the textbook by Durand and Barlow (2013), there has been a lot focused on a person’s vulnerability along with the feeling for not being in control. How a perShow More

Professor and Class,

So far in the textbook by Durand and Barlow (2013), there has been a lot focused on a person’s vulnerability along with the feeling for not being in control. How a person deals with the uncontrollable aspects of the world can originate in their childhood. It is during our childhood that the awareness of chaos that we exist in if first understood. How a child deals with this realization and learns to cope with it comes from how they were raised, from their parents (Durand & Barlow, 2013). A child could grow up believing that they have complete control and have confidence in that belief or grow up with uncertainty that manifest when trying to figure out how they will deal with upcoming events (Durand & Barlow, 2013). It is the children who grow up in a secure environment where they are allowed to explore their world and learn to cope with unexpected situations are able to feel like they are in control (Durand & Barlow, 2013). However, if the children are overprotected and not allowed to meet adversity and bet it will not have those skills and will have anxiety later in life (Durand & Barlow, 2013). Growing up in an abusive environment may have the same effects as those who grow up overprotected. The child learns that nothing is within their control, and every situation can become dangerous.

The three elements that make up the Integrated Model are: generalized biological vulnerability, generalized psychological vulnerability, and specific psychological vulnerability (Durand & Barlow, 2013). The generalized biological theory is the vulnerability that is inherited that contributes to negative affect. Generalized psychological vulnerability is the generalized helplessness that exists within the person in every situation. The specific psychological vulnerability is the physical situation that causes weakness because of past experiences or the person was taught that certain situations are dangerous (Durand & Barlow, 2013).

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