A patient wants to know what can cause ACTH to be released.How should the nurse respond?A student asks the instructor which of the following is the most potent naturally occurring glucocorticoid. How should the instructor respond?

A patient wants to know what can cause ACTH to be released.How should the nurse respond?A student asks the instructor which of the following is the most potent naturally occurring glucocorticoid. How should the instructor respond?

a. High serum levels of cortisol
b. Hypotension
c. Hypoglycemia
d. Stress

Question 2

A student asks the instructor which of the following is the most potent naturally occurring glucocorticoid. How should the instructor respond?

a. Aldosterone
b. Testosterone
c. Cortisol
d. Prolactin

Question 3

A patient has researched lipid-soluble hormones on the Internet. Which information indicates the patient has a good understanding? Lipid-soluble hormone receptors cross the plasma membrane by:

a. Diffusion
b. Osmosis
c. Active transport
d. Endocytosis

Question 4

A 45-year-old female has elevated thyroxine production.Which of the following would accompany this condition?

a. Increased thyroid-releasing hormone (TRH)
b. Increased anterior pituitary stimulation
c. Decreased T4
d. Decreased thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH)

Question 5

A 40-year-old male undergoes surgery for a PTH-secreting tumor in which the parathyroid is removed. Which of the following would the nurse expect following surgery?

a. Increased serum calcium
b. Decreased bone formation
c. Decreased calcium reabsorption in the kidney
d. Increased calcitonin

Question 6

A 35-year-old female with Graves disease is admitted to a medical-surgical unit. While the nurse is reviewing the lab tests, which results would the nurse expect to find?

a. High levels of circulating thyroid-stimulating antibodies
b. Ectopic secretion of thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH)
c. Low circulating levels of thyroid hormones
d. Increased circulation of iodine

Question 7

A 12-year-old male is newly diagnosed with type 1 DM. Which of the following tests should the nurse prepare the patient to best confirm the diagnosis?

a. Fasting plasma glucose levels
b. Random serum glucose levels
c. Genetic testing
d. Glycosylated hemoglobin mea

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